Present Perfect (Part 2)

Last week, we looked at the difference between the Present Perfect and the Past Simple. In today’s post, we are going to focus on how we use the Present Perfect when the past effects the present or near future. This example, for some unknown reason, does not appear in many books or web pages, but it is both important and commonly used.

Let’s have a look an example before we go any deeper:

-I cannot go to the gym today because I have injured my calf muscle again.

It does not matter when the injury occurred. Your objective with this example is to say that something from the past is effecting something in the present or near future.

Let’s look at another two examples:

-She has failed the exam, therefore she will not be going to University in September.

It is possible that the exam was last week, but that is not important. So, remember that.
Also, notice again how something in the past is affecting something in the near future.

– She is not coming to lunch today because she has lost her car keys.

It does not matter when regarding the keys. Your objective with this example is to say that something from the past is effecting something in the present or near future.

If you want to learn English, do not only focus on the grammar and the rules, but also the meaning. If you understand what you are saying, you will be calm and assured when you speak. And, understanding what you are saying means you understand the grammar and the meaning, which, when you do an exam, will help so much more than you could ever imagine.

Try to avoid being the typical “Grammar Rule Zombie” who has no idea how to maintain a conversation in English without getting nervous or making many mistakes. Your objective should always be: to understand what you are saying, because in the end, you will understand everything, which makes maintaining conversations and passing exams a piece of cake.

See you all next week, here in our blog.

Latest news: 
Soon, we will be launching our Blog Membership. This will include our new Podcast which will cover all the different aspects of each article in detail, which will help you practice your listening skills, and furthermore, you can listen to the blog post itself in audio form so that you can really improve your English pronunciation, among other things. As well as that, there will be even more weekly articles and posts which will really help you improve your English vocabulary. All posts and articles will be in English and Spanish, but the Podcast is in English. One of our native and qualified English teachers will do the Podcast.

We have also added 2 Preposition courses to our Blog Membership package. For many students, trying to use prepositions of place or time correctly is a complete nightmare. So much so that, in end, everyone ends up saying «in» for everything! This is because, as usual, hardly anyone knows what they are really saying. Well, it is time to stop guessing and, instead of crossing your fingers when you use prepositions in English, you can finally begin to understand how to use them and feel confident at the same time. Can you imagine that? Remember, your objective is to understand what you are saying. Once this happens, the feeling of looking or feeling ridiculous when you speak English will be a thing of the past.

Also, you will receive information and clear explanations about Phrasal Verbs from our Phrasal Verb club with our very own method, and if that is not enough, we will also include idioms or expressions, with of course, all the usual explanations and advice so that you will use what you are learning with all the confidence in the world. You will hear all of this as well in our new Podcast which is exclusive to our Blog Membership.

Remember, when you speak English, your objective is not only to understand what you are saying but also to pronounce as many words as you can in a clear way. We want to be your English «bible», where every week, you are learning so much English with clear examples and explanations.

Finally, if the content of our Blog Membership wasn’t enough, we also give you the opportunity to solve all your ongoing problems with your English studies with our Problem Solving service. Our team of English experts are just dying to receive your queries, doubts and problems, so just leave us a message in our platform and we will get back to you ASAP.

Bye for now!

———————————————————————————————————————————————————————————–

 

La semana pasada, vimos la diferencia entre el Present Perfect y el Past Simple. En el post de hoy, nos centraremos en cómo usamos el Presente Perfecto cuando el pasado tiene consecuencias en el presente o en el futuro más próximo. Este ejemplo, por alguna razón desconocida, no aparece en muchos libros o páginas web, pero es importante y de uso común.

Vamos a echar un vistazo antes de profundizar en ello:

-I cannot go to the gym today because I have injured my calf muscle again.

No importa cuándo se produjo la lesión. Su objetivo con este ejemplo es decir que algo del pasado está teniendo consecuencias en el presente o en el futuro más cercano.

Veamos otros dos ejemplos:

-She has failed the exam, therefore she will not be going to University in September.

Es posible que el examen haya sido la semana pasada, pero eso no es lo importante. Así que, recuerda eso.

Además, observa nuevamente cómo algo en el pasado está afectando a algo en el futuro más cercano.

– She is not coming to lunch today because she has lost her car keys.

Es posible que haya perdido las llaves hace días, pero eso no es lo importante. Así que recuerda eso.

Si quieres aprender inglés, no te centres únicamente en la gramática y en las reglas, sino también en el significado. Si comprendes lo que dices, estarás tranquilo y tendrás seguridad a la hora de hablar. Y, entendiendo lo que estás diciendo significa que entiendes la gramática y el significado, lo que, a la hora de hacer un examen, te ayudará mucho más de lo que puedas imaginar.

Trata de evitar ser el típico «Grammar Rule Zombie«, es decir, convertirte en aquel que no tiene ni idea de cómo mantener una conversación en inglés sin ponerse nervioso o cometiendo muchos errores (deambulando como un zombie). Tu objetivo siempre debe ser entender lo que estás diciendo, porque al final, entenderás todo. Esto hace que mantener conversaciones y aprobar exámenes sea pan comido.

¡Hasta la semana que viene! Nos vemos en nuestro blog.

Si eres estudiante o en el paro en España, se puede estudiar inglés con Touch English de forma gratuita:
info@touchenglish.es

16 thoughts on “Present Perfect (Part 2)

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *